The enigmatic “Iguape Idol”, sculpted in basalt (99 x 78 mm). Its discovery, in 1906, was first reported by naturalist Ricardo Krone (1862-1917), in the sambaqui of Morro Grande, in the vicinity of Rio Comprido, in the current Ecological Reserve of Jureia, close to Iguape, on the southern coast of São Paulo. Right from the start its atypical features produced a great deal of interest in scientific circles. Collection of the Archeology and Ethnology Museum of the Universidade de São Paulo. Photograph taken by Marcelo Lerner.